Radical Cyclization vs. Elimination in the Vitamin-B₁₂-Catalyzed Reduction of Unsaturated Bromo Acetals and Bromo Orthoesters
Reduction of the 2-bromoacetaldehyde acetals of cinnamyl alcohol or propargyl alcohol with Zn/NH4 in presence of catalytic amounts of B12 in DMF affords oxolanes by free radical 5-exo-cyclization and the corresponding alcohols by reductive elimination. 2-(Bromoethyl) dimethyl orthopropiolate mainly decomposes by reductive elimination and by hydrogenolysis of the bromide.
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